Артыкулы: Пашакоўскi Ян Антонi

Пашакоўскі Ян Антоні (14.2.1684, каля мяст. Шадаў, Упіцкі пав.—3.6.1757), педагог, гісторык, тэолаг. Член ордэна езуітаў. Доктар філасофіі (1718).

Вучыўся ў Коўне, навіцыяце ў Вільні, у Нясвіжскім калегіуме (1702—1703), Віленскай акадэміі. З 1700 езуіт, з 1713 святар. Выкладаў паэтыку і рыторыку ў Коўне (1714—1715) і Крожах (1715—1716), прэфект школы ў Коўне (1717—1718), выкладаў філасофію ў Вільні (1718—1721), дырэктар курсаў і загадчык гаспадаркі Нясвіжскага калегіума, выхавальнік Гераніма Фларыяна Радзівіла (1722—1735), рэктар Слуцкага (1735—1739) і Нясвіжскага (1739—1742) калегіумаў, духоўнік і пісар у Нясвіжы (1742—1756), дзе пасля выкладаў французскую мову і ўсеагульую гісторыю (1756—1757).

У Нясвіжы напісаў шматлікія тэалагічныя, палемічныя, гістарычныя працы, чаму садзейнічала карыстанне багатымі бібліятэчнымі зборамі Радзівілаў. Галоўнай справай яго жыцця стала асветная дзейнасць па стварэнні і выданні календароў. За 1737—1749 выдаў у Вільні 20 календароў, якімі паклаў пачатак віленскага перыядычнага друку. У адрозненне ад календарнай традыцыі Пашакоўскі выключыў са сваіх выданняў астралогію, прагностыку і іншыя забабоны, а запоўніў іх звесткамі з гісторыі і культуры Беларусі і Літвы. Меў на мэце перш за ўсё заахвоціць моладзь да чытання гістарычных прац, тым больш, што ў 1739 у езуіцкіх навучальных установах было ўведзена выкладанне гісторыі. Пашакоўскага лічаць першым папулярызатарам гістарычнай навукі ў ВКЛ. Ён выдаў працы па гісторыі Рэфармацыі: «Гісторыя лютэрская» («Hіstorіa luterska», Вільня, 1745), «Гісторыя кальвінская» («Hіstorіa kalwіńska», Варшава, 1747), «Гісторыя пра пачатак адступніцтва англіканскай царквы» («Hіstorіa o początku odszczepіeństwa Koścіoła Anglіkańskіego», Варшава, 1748) і інш. Склаў біяграфічны слоўнік езуітаў ВКЛ. Апошнія гады жыцця працаваў над гісторыяй царквы ў Рэчы Паспалітай, якая засталася незавершанай. Памёр у Нясвіжы.

Падрабязнасці:

PSB.

EWJ.

Nowy Korbut.

Słownik polskich teologów katolickich.

Janikowski E. Ks. Jan Poszakowski — polski apologeta XVIII w. // Studia Theologica Varsaviensia. 1978. R. 16. Nr 2. S. 91—109.

Бажэнава В. Ксёндз Ян Пашакоўскі — гісторык, тэолаг, пісьменнік // Наша вера. 2002. № 3. С. 12—15.

Mieszek M. Kilka uwag o „Kalendarzu prześwietnych dam” Jana Poszakowskiego SJ // Kalendarze staropolskie. Warszawa: DiG, 2014. S. 183—196.

© Валерый Пазднякоў, 2006, 2015

Kolenda cesarska na rok 1746. W Wilnie. (Тытульны ліст).

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2017-11-11 08:25:47
Doctors have many challenges to face as they are perennially surrounded by patients, diseases, hospital duties and over-extended or odd shift timings. Universally, doctor is considered to be a noble profession and respectable one at that, but a doctor also has to work under immense pressures, emotional strains and other physical challenges. A regular physician like most of us at some point face will have to deal with personal situations such as important family affairs, family holidays, sickness or pregnancy that may force them to abandon medical duties. At the same time, a hospital or a healthcare facility is also constantly faced with emergency situations that demand all hands on deck round-the-clock. Therefore, every hospital, clinic or nursing home is compelled to hire locum tenens or substitute doctor in order to keep the staffing under control at all times. In fact, locum doctors are the most valuable asset for the medical community because they provide quality medical care and act as a helping-hand in emergency situations when the medical facilities need them the most. Unlike regular or permanent doctors, locum doctor jobs are also ideal career options for medical interns and graduates because they offer a wide array of medical exposure in varied medical specialties, work cultures and healthcare systems. Locum jobs are challenging and flexible, thus an increasing number of medical professionals have benefitted from these jobs, so whether one is looking for a family physicians position or in a hospital or in a clinic, locum jobs for doctors are available at all levels and in different healthcare systems. In addition, being a locum doctor gives a medical professional the control over their working hours, location of work and choice of area of specialisation. Technically, locum positions are not restricted to general physicians but they are also extended to other fields of medical specialisations such as cardiology, neurology and many more. Travelling can be an integral part of locum jobs, and these distinctive features are a boon for many dedicated medical professionals who are eager to expand their medical careers with loads of multi-cultural medical experiences. The fact that locum agencies in the UK recruit tens of thousands of locums from across the globe in various NHS hospitals, private clinics, nursing homes and other public hospitals speaks volume of the popularity of locum jobs. Locating or getting a locum tenens job is a simple task as long as you are registered with one of the many reputable locum agencies. These agencies act as the middle man between locum tenens and medical facilities, and they also look after all the details pertaining to travel for locum tenens, accommodation and the nature of locum work. Thus, maintaining a healthy locum doctor-agency relationship benefits both the parties, and it also increases the probability of getting recommendable employment opportunities and businesses or vice-versa.

2017-11-09 18:25:42
Doctors have many challenges to face as they are perennially surrounded by patients, diseases, hospital duties and over-extended or odd shift timings. Universally, doctor is considered to be a noble profession and respectable one at that, but a doctor also has to work under immense pressures, emotional strains and other physical challenges. A regular physician like most of us at some point face will have to deal with personal situations such as important family affairs, family holidays, sickness or pregnancy that may force them to abandon medical duties. At the same time, a hospital or a healthcare facility is also constantly faced with emergency situations that demand all hands on deck round-the-clock. Therefore, every hospital, clinic or nursing home is compelled to hire locum tenens or substitute doctor in order to keep the staffing under control at all times. In fact, locum doctors are the most valuable asset for the medical community because they provide quality medical care and act as a helping-hand in emergency situations when the medical facilities need them the most. Unlike regular or permanent doctors, locum doctor jobs are also ideal career options for medical interns and graduates because they offer a wide array of medical exposure in varied medical specialties, work cultures and healthcare systems. Locum jobs are challenging and flexible, thus an increasing number of medical professionals have benefitted from these jobs, so whether one is looking for a family physicians position or in a hospital or in a clinic, locum jobs for doctors are available at all levels and in different healthcare systems. In addition, being a locum doctor gives a medical professional the control over their working hours, location of work and choice of area of specialisation. Technically, locum positions are not restricted to general physicians but they are also extended to other fields of medical specialisations such as cardiology, neurology and many more. Travelling can be an integral part of locum jobs, and these distinctive features are a boon for many dedicated medical professionals who are eager to expand their medical careers with loads of multi-cultural medical experiences. The fact that locum agencies in the UK recruit tens of thousands of locums from across the globe in various NHS hospitals, private clinics, nursing homes and other public hospitals speaks volume of the popularity of locum jobs. Locating or getting a locum tenens job is a simple task as long as you are registered with one of the many reputable locum agencies. These agencies act as the middle man between locum tenens and medical facilities, and they also look after all the details pertaining to travel for locum tenens, accommodation and the nature of locum work. Thus, maintaining a healthy locum doctor-agency relationship benefits both the parties, and it also increases the probability of getting recommendable employment opportunities and businesses or vice-versa.

Ю.А.Ябланоўскі

Пячатка Вітаўта

План Віцебска. З кнігі: Памятная книжка Витебской губернии на 1865 год. Издана Витебским губернским статистическим комитетом. Под редакциею А.М.Сементовского. СПб., 1865.